On 19 May 1571, Miguel López de Legazpi took possession of Manila, after Mass in honour of Saint Pudentiana, who was then declared patroness of the city and of the entire Islands. According to the 1877 Historia de la Santa Iglesia Metropolitana de Filipinas based on the manuscript of P. Francisco Moreno, a presbítero, after Saint Pudentiana was proclaimed general patroness of these Isles in 1571, her cultus gradually disappeared and her patronage became forgotten until such time that the Cabildo decided to appoint a protector for the realm. They decided to cast lots with the names of many Saints into an urn, and had a very young boy draw a name from the urn. The name inscribed was Santa Potenciana. It was then that a regidor stood up and stated that Manila was taken possession on her feast day. Her cultus was then revived, and she once again became the principal patroness of the Islands, a title that was never abrogated. Governor General Dasmariñas had a church dedicated to her in 1591, and another in 1592. Her relics arrived in the Philippines on 12 January 1595, and were received with great jubilation, paraded through the streets of Manila. They are presumed lost or destroyed during World War II. Until September 1963, her feast was obligatory.
Saint Rose of Saint Mary of Lima
On 11 August 1670, Pope Clement X issued the Bull Sacrosancti apostolatus cura, confirming Pope Clement X’s declaration of Bl. Rose of Lima as patroness of Peru, and extending her patronage to each province, realm, and region of the whole American continent, of the Philippines, and of the Indies. Quoting the Bull:
Nos, gloriosae B. Rosae praedictae, quae Ecclesiam universam bono Christi odore longe lateque perfundit, merita magno cum spirituali animi nostri gaudio recolentes, piisque et devotis dictorum Caroli regis et Mariannae reginae supplicationibus nobis super hoc humiliter porrectis favorabiliter annuere cupientes, ac memorati Clementis praedecessoris vestigiis inhaerentes, eamdem B. Rosam de S. Maria in universam et principaliorem patronam omnium et singularum provinciarum, regnorum, insularum, et regionum terrae firmae totius Americae, Philippinarum, et Indiarum, cum eisdem praerogativis, dicta auctoritate, tenore praesentium, eligimus pariter et declaramus.
The Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
On 7 September 1942, Pope Pius XII, moved by the request of the Filipino Bishops, issued the Bull Impositi Nobis Apostolici, placing the Philippines under the principal and universal patronage of the Immaculate Conception, declaring Saints Pudentia and Rose of Lima as secondary patronesses. Quoting the Bull:
Audito quoque Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae Cardinali Episcopo Praenestino, Sacrae Rituum Congregationis Praefecto, certa scientia ac matura deliberatione Nostris deque Apostolicae Nostrae potestatis plenitudine, praesentium Litterarum tenore, perpetuumque in modum Beatissimam Virginem Mariam titulo Immaculatam Conceptionem primariam et universalem Patronam ac Sanctas Virgines Pudentianam et Rosam Limanam Patronas secundarias constituimus et declaramus, adiectis iuribus privilegiisque, ita ut quotannis in Missa atque in officio, divino earundem Patronarum festivitates ad rubricarum normas rite celebrari queant. Haec decernimus, edicimus, statuentes praesentes Litteras firmas, validas atque efficaces iugiter exstare ac permanere.